In the previous chapter we showed the gradual emergence of an apparatus that was wholly suited to a policy built on repression and forceful extraction of agricultural produce. We shall now continue to follow the development of this policy, along two lines. On the one hand, we shall argue that in all important respects the agricultural bureaucracy and the planning framework have remained intact, whereas on the other, there have been important changes in overriding policy towards the peasantry. Force and repression have been replaced by material incentives.