In previous work I attempted to achieve two separate, but related, goals. First, I attempted to demonstrate that its empirical foundation is too weak to support Malinowski’s argument that a matrilineal complex exists in the Trobriands. Second, I attempted to show that the evidence indicates to the contrary that an unusually strong Oedipus complex exists in the Trobriands. Here I wish to examine the implications of these Trobriand findings for human societies in general.