ABSTRACT

On the bureau structure set forth above, a few embellishments have been added by successive modern Indian leaders. 1 The first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, was in the control of foreign policy the strongest Indian prime minister. His prime ministership during the formative years of Indian government and polity made a deep impression both because of the uniqueness of Nehru's political environment and because of Nehru's mastery of the principles of charismatic practical leadership. Nehru, the very devout disciple of Mahatma Gandhi, stood in the afterglow of the Mahatma's charismatic presence. Gandhi's agitation campaign against the British had more than anything else earned the world's respect for Indian idealist political theory and democratic practice. Nehru had a need different from the Mahatma's to fullfill, that of leading a nation according to that political theory rather than of creating a nation by thus, as the Mahatma endeavored to do. Whether Nehru succeeded or failed, he would probably continue to be admired because of his proximity to the Mahatma, his participation in the class of symbols which Gandhi had developed.