The occupation of the two territories brought such government agencies as health, education, agriculture, public works, and the administration of justice under direct Israeli control. 1 This, in addition to direct military rule, has given Israel the chance to completely reshape the economies of the territories in such a way as to serve Israeli interests. Israeli control over the economy of the two territories has been more or less total; moreover, the areas' populations, for lack of sovereignty, "have not participated in the political process that has set the major economic policies affecting them or that has supervised the overall implementation of these policies." 2 Therefore, it has not been at all possible for the Arab inhabitants to make the kind of economic decisions that would either satisfy domestic needs or promote development of the economy.