To some extent, special practices and institutions determine the volume of Soviet imports of Western technology and the manner in which foreign technology is assimilated by the Soviet economy. However, Western technology transfer to the Soviet Union is also a part of the overall phenomenon of international technology transfer. Thus, general studies on technology and the experiences of Western countries as recipients of foreign technology should provide insights into the Soviet experience. What is technology and why is it sold across international boundaries? What problems have confronted other countries attempting to borrow foreign technology and how have they attempted to solve them? A short discussion of these questions is intended to provide perspective to the general themes of this study.