Just as differences between American values and the morality of the state contribute to the Taiwan conundrum in U.S. China policy—by forming various standards by which policy is judged to be appropriate or effective—so too is that conundrum made more difficult by major differences in the institutional perspectives of the administration and the Congress. This chapter examines the role of Congress in the formulation and evaluation of U.S. policy toward China and Taiwan. The first section provides an overview of the many pieces of legislation dealing with China and Taiwan introduced by Members of Congress in recent years, while the second part of the chapter offers several examples of Congress at work: how the legislative branch actually affects policy adopted by the executive branch.