The Costa Liguria, west of Genoa, is famous for its string of shining resorts reflected in the blue-green waters of the Mediterranean Sea. But one of those resorts, Rapallo, has become famous not only for its hotels and beaches but also for its place in European and world history. There, on Sunday, April 16, 1922, the delegations of republican Germany and of the communist Soviet Union met to sign the treaty now symbolic of a perennial Western fear—the Rapallo complex—that one day Germany will again turn its face toward the East and re-link its fate with Russia's.