Autumn 1944 was the key moment in wartime relations between Italian and Yugoslav Communists. At this time most Italian Communists along the Italo-Yugoslav border and the partisan formations under their leadership subordinated themselves to the control of the Yugoslav National Liberation Movement. Furthermore, though some have argued that this svolta, or shift, put the local organizations at odds with the PCI Direzione (Polit büro), 1 autumn 1944 was a time of extremely cordial relations between the PCI and KPJ at the national level as well.