We must begin our exposition of the Natural Theology of Evolution by putting a question of the greatest practical importance. We are going to ask whether this world, in which we find ourselves and of which we are part, contains in its nature and working anything which would lead us to suppose that it had come from the hand of a conscious, intelligent Being with Whom we may possibly have personal dealing. The answer to such a question, if we can find it, will necessarily colour our whole outlook on life and will form a presupposition which we shall take with us into every other enquiry. But before we ask it we shall step aside to enquire how we are equipped for this investigation and what hope we have of prospering in it.