https://s3-euw1-ap-pe-df-pch-content-public-u.s3.eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/9780429292354/3abb420d-80da-4aed-a9cf-ae5c42b997f9/content/ifig0001.tif"/> Machiavelli held a low opinion of Francesco della Rovere, Pope Sixtus IV—as he did of numerous Renaissance personages. “He was the first who began to show how far a pope might go, and how much which was previously regarded as sinful lost its iniquity when committed by a pontiff.”