https://s3-euw1-ap-pe-df-pch-content-public-u.s3.eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/9780429292354/3abb420d-80da-4aed-a9cf-ae5c42b997f9/content/ifig0001.tif"/>Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta was born in Brescia in 1417. In 1432, when he was fifteen years old, he succeeded his brother Galeotto Roberto as lord of Rimini and reigned for the next thirty-six years. He died in 1468 an exhausted old man of fifty-one. Pope Pius II, who hated Sigismondo with rancorous personal malice, described him: