Despite the best efforts of the Labor Law Study Group and the Committee for Economic Development between the mid-1960s and 1969, the corporate community had been unable to subdue the private-sector unions, which were now bolstered in terms of overall union numbers by the gradual growth of public-sector unions, which had 4.0 million members by 1970 (Miller and Canak 1995, p. 17, Table 1). At first the Nixon Administration, heavily influenced by its corporate backers and numerous appointments from within their ranks, tried to win this battle through continuing the fight against inflation with the usual Committee for Economic Development (CED) approach via commercial Keynesianism—higher interest rates and budget balancing.