This chapter has been organized in four sections. The first identifies and describes the considerations that appear to have been uppermost in the minds of those making, influencing, or attempting to influence U.S. policy toward Korea. While some of these concerns have traditionally been argued for as national interests and others as desires or aspirations, there appears to be only a limited consensus on which are interests and which are desires. A few factors that have not figured prominently in the debate but that the analysis indicates should have a bearing on policy have also been included.