The Jains, an ancient community, primarily engaged in the trade, were to be found in the seventeenth century in all the important market-places of north India 1 such as Lahore, Multan, Delhi, Agra, Patna, etc., though their main concentration was in Rajasthan and Gujarat. Evidently, the establishment of the Mughal rule which introduced political stability over a large part of the country created the necessary environment for the exapansion of commerce, and the Jains did not fail to take advantage of the new situation; in pursuit of commcrce they bagan to move outside Gujarat and Rajasthan in ever increasing numbers.