It seems likely that the leaders of the Romano-British church were the gentry; men like the wealthy villa-owner at Lullingstone, who set aside for Christian worship rooms decorated with painted wall-plasters depicting praying figures, or at Frampton, where the chi-rho emblem was incorporated into a mosaic. 1 Near, even alongside, the Christian motifs might be purely pagan scenes, for the tastes of these men had been formed by Roman traditions. It was the church of the lowland zone which sent Christianity out to the highlands, so it is not surprising that the new converts became conscious, as Christians, of their part in Roman civilization.