ABSTRACT

The intellectual and sociological background of early Christianity was utterly different from that of the Celts. While a heroic society was established in the still unconquered Celtic countries of the north-western fringe of Europe, the eastern Mediterranean was following a very different pattern of life. Here were the most highly civilized, prosperous, and populous provinces of the Roman Empire, provinces which had a long history of material wealth, centralized government, and intellectual vitality.