Throughout the seventh century foreign and native influences were both at work in the church. The original diocesan bishops had been established according to the continental pattern, and the Easter controversy ended with the apparent triumph of ‘Roman’ opinion; yet in the seventh century the monastic paruchiae were flourishing, with their Irish notions of overlordship and their quite different arrangement of jurisdiction. As we have already seen, Armagh was making strong efforts in the later seventh century to build up for herself a paruchia of monastic type, with the coarb of Patrick as overlord.