ABSTRACT

The Visigothic kingdom that stretched over the Iberian Peninsula and Septimania suddenly collapsed in the early eighth century because of the Muslim invasion, which stressed its social and political weaknesses. 1 With the Peninsula converted into Al-Andalus, some political entities organised themselves in the north outside the Muslim domains. In these, the Visigothic legislative code was maintained, as was the case of the territory in the north-east that came under the Carolingian orbit between the end of the eighth and beginning of the ninth centuries. 2 In fact, this code continued to be used in these northern territories throughout the Early and High Middle Ages, 3 not to show any legitimism linked with the Visigothic past, but rather in a practical sense, as a useful and equitable text for settling conflicts and crimes, that also been sanctioned by the Church at the councils of Toledo. 4 Clearly, the strong pressures behind the development of the feudal system in the eleventh century 5 maintained an everyday state based on the legal framework established by the Liber, 6 and were reflected in judicial practice until the twelfth century. 7