The author presents a specific type of narration: the dreamtelling as a request for containment and elaboration of specific mental contents. It is underlined how the possibility of communicating and sharing his/her own dreams represents a function learned in the course of the earliest exchanges between parents and children. The results of a research are illustrated – its purpose is to investigate the correlation between either the development or the inhibition of this function, on the part of parents and the gender identity of children.