ABSTRACT

Edward spent the whole winter of 1471–1472 at Westminster Palace, and he made use of the midwinter festivals to remind his subjects in a pleasant way that he was king again. On Christmas Day both he and Queen Elizabeth wore their crowns, and afterwards, when he “kept his estate” in the White Hall, there were music and a mass at which the Bishop of Rochester officiated, a dinner during which the Bishop of Rochester sat on the king’s right and the Duke of Buckingham on his left, and after dinner a“ disguising,” which must have been a fairly elaborate affair, as it cost fifty marks. 1 On New Year’s Day, and likewise on Twelfth Day, the king and queen “went in procession,” and on the latter day the king again wore his crown, though the queen forbore to wear hers “because she was great with child.” On Twelfth Day the king also kept his estate in the White Hall again, and on this occasion he honoured the mayor and aldermen of London and many of the wealthy citizens—probably the creditors who had been so glad to see him come home—with an invitation to the dinner that followed. 2