In New South Wales all fisheries, with one exception, are open-access fisheries. The one exception is the abalone fishery which has only recently (in 1980) been converted to a limited-access regime. The government authority responsible for fisheries, the New South Wales State Fisheries, has generally resisted the introduction of limited entry programmes, but has relented in this one case. The exception was made partly because of depressed conditions in the fishery, partly because of political pressure from fishermen, but also because the abalone fishery was seen as a unique fishery which was capable of maintaining independence from other fisheries in the state. Highly specialized boats and equipment are used and therefore mobility between this and other fisheries is limited. These were seen as sufficient reasons to restrict access to the fishery.