The present chapter returns to the ideas and questions introduced in Part One, reexamining them in light of the case studies and pursuing some new themes suggested by the histories of the reform movements. Earlier chapters have stressed the similarities in the three programs, their conformity to a general Latin American model, and their and the latter's divergence from conventional ideas about how reform was attempted and how it failed. Here the emphasis is more explicitly on the positive lessons to be drawn and especially those that can be utilized by other kinds of administrative development programs. In this final chapter, the line of argument also shifts in response to another set of questions raised in the comparative analysis--this time to a more speculative theme, the significance of administrative reform as a type of administrative development policy and what in fact reformers can realistically atttempt to achieve.