As discussed in Chapter 5, Soviet declaratory policy and action policy indicate that the Soviet Union does not endorse the Western concept of detente as a process of reconciliation, or even as a means to a modus vivendi. Soviet foreign policy actively and self-admittedly opposes the political stability of many of those countries not belonging to the Socialist Commonwealth, or that are not on the "progressive road to socialism." (Soviet Foreign Minister Gromyko recently listed those African countries wherein Marxism-Leninism is the official ideology of State and Party: Angola, Benin, the People's Republic of the Congo, and Mozambique; and those additional countries that are "socialist-oriented" in policy: the Algerian Peoples' Democratic Republic, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Democratic Republic of Madagascar, United Republic of Tanzania, and Socialist Ethiopia.)( 1 ) The modus vivendi anticipated by some Western proponents of detente is rejected by the Soviet Union as contrary to Leninism, and the predetermined course of history.