The year 1962 was a momentous one for the small island-state of Jamaica. After over three centuries of colonial control, Jamaica finally achieved its political independence. The following ten years, however, did not fulfill the needs, expectations or dreams of most Jamaicans. By 1972, ten years after decolonization, it was clear that the development process was moving in reverse. Ten years of independence had contributed to a deepening of the contradictions associated with underdevelopment. As a result, Jamaica was in crisis.