The contemporary critique of Kantian moral theory, led by Bernard Williams, attempts to demonstrate how and in what ways a moral agent destroys her personality by following the dictates of Kantian theory. Williams argues that Kantian moral theory attacks the "personal" in moral experience by alienating the agent from her personal commitments and reasons for acting, her personal feelings of attachment, and her personal relationships. Williams characterizes this attack on the "personal" as an assault on personal integrity and character. The Kantian moral universe is one that is devoid of personal, unique, emotionally engaged, or personally attached selves. In other words, by following Kantian theory the agent becomes detached, alienated, abstract, coldhearted, and impersonal.