Let us turn to some of my first empirical findings related both to collaborative programs with indigenous healers and to sexually transmitted diseases. The findings emerged during fieldwork begun in Swaziland in 1981. I went to Swaziland that year to serve as an anthropologist on the AID-funded Rural Water-Borne Disease Control Project. I was a member of a multidisciplinary project team of U.S. technical advisers. The project called for a knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) survey relating to water and sanitation in Swaziland. The survey was to be my primary responsibility, and the results were to be used to develop and implement a national health education program aimed at reducing the incidence of diseases related to water and sanitation.