Chapter 1 introduces an idea that may make little sense on first hearing: for the good of our planet and the life that lives on it, including human beings, we need to work at moving forward to nature, rather than longing to get back to it. As we shall see, the notion that human beings once lived at peace with nature is little more than a myth, a story repeated so often that we have come to believe it’s true. It’s not. Chapter 1 takes up this myth and its dangers for the modern world.