Similar to the findings of criminologists, a review of the existing literature suggests that the vast majority of doctors are ethical, law-abiding professionals while a small number of physicians are responsible for the vast majority of deviant behavior (National Health Care Anti-Fraud Association, 2019). This small group of deviant doctors, however, have a major impact on individual victims, the medical profession, and society. In this concluding chapter, we aim to highlight the contribution of criminological perspectives in understanding deviance within the practice of medicine. Within this discussion, we outline several policy recommendations, as well as directions for future scholarly research that may assist in efforts to prevent and/or reduce misconduct by doctors.