In Chapter 1, a brief research methodology was presented. This chapter discusses in detail and justifies the research methodology applied in this book. The identified information gap on FDI in large-scale agriculture in Ethiopia begs for an in-depth study in the extent, nature and impact of these investments in Ethiopia. Robson (1993) argues that case study research gives an in-depth investigation of entities that look for further theoretical understanding and practical knowledge of a real-world phenomenon. Yin (2003) further argues that case study methodology enables to conduct research that requires an empirical investigation of a specific event within its real-life context using multiple sources of evidence. The appropriateness of case study methodology for research related to agriculture and FDI are further confirmed by AUC–AfDB–UNECA Joint Land Policy Initiative’s (2011) concept note for the high-level policy forum on “Land Based FDI in Africa: Making Investment Work for African Agricultural Development” and Hough and Neuland (2000) study on “Global Business Environments and Strategies: Managing for Global Competitive Advantage”.