This chapter defines violent pornography and censorship and speculates on social/political roles played by both. It examines pornography’s origins, including its relationship to seventies “girlie magazines”, topless bars, and “stag films”. It discusses Americans’ propensity to believe the nation faces rising rates of crime instead of dramatically falling rates of criminal violence. It examines the debates over possible social and political harms from pornography as well as censorship and suppression. It examines changing pornography audiences and an alleged “culture of violence” that inspires pornography and discusses authoritarianism and paternalism as encouraging pornography.