The nineteenth-century British judge, Charles Bowen, is said to have

characterised a metaphysician as ‘A blind man in a dark room – look-

ing for a black hat, which isn’t there’. More seriously, but in a similar

vein, the philosopher, F. H. Bradley (1846-1924), in his book, Appear-

ance and Reality, claimed that ‘Metaphysics is the finding of bad

reasons for what we believe upon instinct; but to find these reasons is

no less an instinct’.