Naffah, Fouad Gabriel (Lebanon, 1925–83) Born in Beirut, Naffah lived all his life in Lebanon where he loved writing every day in small cafes in the city. Considered the first Lebanese poet of French expression who not only imitated his predecessors but tried to reach what he called 'pure creation', he produced poetry where formal research intermingled with a mystical quest, haunted by death and the absolute.