One of the key aims of a political party in any country is to win representation through elected office. It has been seen already that many parties in Russia have existed solely for this purpose, and have disappeared when they have failed to do so. As chapter two suggested, the advent of the law ‘On Political Parties’ means that participation in future elections will increasingly involve party affiliation. Thus it is worth examining how parties have participated in elections hitherto. The present chapter seeks to explore in more detail the anatomy of election campaigning at the regional level, once again on the basis of the three case study regions in the 1999-2001 electoral cycle.