Israel’s water shortage and the disproportional distribution of its limited sources between the country’s north and south generated various schemes for development. In the early 1950s, Israel began to establish large-scale water projects, among them the reclamation of the Huleh Lake and the planning and building of the National Water Carrier to convey water southward.1 On 19 June 1964, for the first time, water flowed continuously from Tabha in the north to Rosh ha-Ayin in central Israel, the linkage point to the Yarkon-Negev pipeline.