Throughout the study it has been argued that a symbiosis between development and conservation is the central rationale for ecotourism as sustainable development in the rural developing world. Individual chapters have attempted to deconstruct this ‘symbiosis’ argument by looking at a number of sub-themes that are integral to this central claim, drawing evidence from the advocacy of ecotourism in the case studies and in the wider literature. These chapters looked at community participation (Chapter 4), the emphasis on traditional culture (Chapter 5), and finally the promotion of development on the basis of the non-consumption of natural capital (Chapter 6).