Humans rely upon systems of symbols to direct face-to-face interaction; and ultimately, larger-scale social structures are constructed from blueprints provided by cultural symbols. As Table 3.1 summarizes, humans normatize encounters, creating expectations for how people and the situation are to be categorized, what frames are to be imposed, how talk is to proceed, what rituals are to be employed, what constitutes a just share of resources, and what emotions should be felt and displayed.