At the beginning of 1941 Washington appeared interested in enlisting libraries in the defense effort. Paul McNutt of the Office of Education's Federal Security Administration (FSA), which was charged with coordinating national programs and agencies concerned with health, recreation, and other fields affecting defense, asked ALA to advise his agency on library-related problems in communities affected by increased industrial and military activities. In response, ALA drew on the preliminary results of a questionnaire it sent to public libraries in December 1940.