While there is quite a lot of background and data to gather from the client during Phase 1, it is of equal importance that the clinician work on developing an atmosphere of trust. Several different forms of working alliances are used in psychotherapy: nurturing, insight-oriented, and collaborative (Gelso & Hayes, 1998, p. 45). I believe that the collaborative alliance is the correct focus in EMDR (even with fragile clients who seem to have great need for the clinician). I educate my clients from the start that EMDR therapy is a collaboration where our roles and responsibilities are spelled out. I make it quite clear that EMDR is not something I do to them. It is something I do with them.