I may be naive, but I assume that most of us took up intellectual labors in the belief that we could thereby contribute to the advancement and enhancement of American culture and political life. Didn’t we pursue graduate study in hopes that it would better enable us to engage as citizen-scholars in the pub­ lic debates and struggles of the day? And didn’t we believe that, in alliance with working people and the oppressed, we could participate in the making of history, expanding and deepening liberty, equality and democracy? But, of course, the intervening years have not transpired as we had hoped.