On Sunday, August 30, 1937, the Auslands Organisation der NSDAP celebrated its fi fth Reichstagung in Stuttgart, the City of the Auslandsdeutschen. It was an impressive affair as some 80,000 people, including 10,000 Auslandsdeutschen, fi lled the Adolf-Hitler-Kampfbahn: “At 4 o’clock, Rudolf Hess and Gauleiter Bohle appeared and delivered lively welcomes. Then, accompanied by martial music, a company of new Wehrmacht troops marched through the Marathon Gate.”1 A number of other important Nazi Party leaders were present, including Joachim von Ribbentrop, who was the German ambassador to England.