So far, our investigation has suggested that there are numerous factors that

affect the overall moral status of a given course of conduct. In this chapter

we will look at a variety of considerations, other than positive and negative

agency and intention, that affect the justifiability of a given situation of

harm. These include consequence, preventability, commitments, duties and

rights. I do not rank these considerations in order of importance and it

must be noted that, although preventability is usually a matter of degree,

zero preventability would entail that our moral judgement of a given situation of harm could not apply. It will be shown that these considerations

with respect to given examples of the failure to help can be rather impor-