American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee. 4201 Connecticut Ave. NW, Suite 300, Washington, DC 20009. 202-44-2990. Advocacy group for Arabs and Palestinians with 25,000 members. Advocates for a peaceful solution between Palestinians and Israelis. Documents racism toward Arab Americans, provides legal defense, lobbies on civil rights issues. www.adc.org

American Friends Service Committee (Quakers Mid-Atlantic Region). 4806 York Road, Baltimore, MD 21212. 410-323-7200. This organization espouses non-violence in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. www.afsc.org

Americans For Peace Now. 1815 H St. NW, Suite 920, Washington, DC 20006. 202-728-1893. Grassroots group that advocates for Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank and Gaza to safe borders and for an IsraeliSyrian settlement leading to Israeli withdrawal from the Golan Heights. Supports creation of a Palestinian state with certain military restrictions and sharing of Jerusalem. www.peacenow.org

American Israel Public Affairs Committee, 440 First St. NW, Washington, DC 20001. 202-639-5200. The primary lobby, with a $12 million budget and 60,000 members seeking to influence US policy to strengthen ties to Israel. It moves in step with Israel’s government. www. aipac.org

American Jewish Committee, Jacob Blaustein Building, 165 E. 56th St., New York, NY 10022. 212-751-4000. Promotes interfaith relations, including between Jews and Muslims. www.ajc.org

American Muslim Council, 1212 New York Ave. NW, Suite 400, Washington, DC 20005. 202-789-2262. Mainly focused on domestic issues, but advocates for an end to terrorism on both sides, an Israeli pullout and a secure state for Palestinians. Holds regular voter registration drives to mobilize American Muslims. www.amconline.org

American Task Force on Palestine, 815 Connecticut Avenue, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20006. 202-887-0177. Dedicated to bringing about lasting peace and stability in the Middle East by establishing the state of Palestine alongside Israel. www.americantaskforce.org

American Values (Gary Bauer), 2800 Shirlington Road, Suite 610, Arlington, VA 22206. 703-671-9700. Politically conservative group supports current Israeli government position. www.ouramericanvalues.org

Anti-Defamation League, Department DJ, 823 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017. 212-885-7700. Defends the interests of Jews worldwide. $50 million budget. Advocates primarily against antiSemitism but also against racism and bigotry. www.adl.org

Arab American Action Network. 3148 W. 63rd St., Chicago, IL 60629. 773-436-6060. Grassroots organization Working to improve the quality of life of Arab Americans by building community’s capacity to be an active agent for positive social change. www.aaan.org/mission.html

Arab American Institute, 1600 K St. NW, Suite 601, Washington, DC 20006. 202-429-9210. Secular nonpartisan group focused primarily on encouraging Arab Americans to participate in the political process. www. aaiusa.org

Association of Arab-American University Graduates, 211 E. 4th St., New York, NY 10009. 212-529-3001. Dedicated to developing, fostering, and promoting educational and cultural information and activities on the Arab world and the Arab American community. www.aaug-asq.org

B’nai Brith International, 1640 Rhode Island Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20036. 202-857-6511. Advocates support for current Israeli government position on the Middle East conflict. https://bnaibrith.org

Christian Coalition of America, 499 S. Capitol Street SW, Suite 615, Washington, DC 20003. 202-479-6900. Politically conservative Christian organization supports the position of Israel’s government. www.cc.org

Churches for Middle East Peace, 110 Maryland Ave. NE, #311, Washington, DC 20002. 202-543-1222. Focuses on Washington in the knowledge that sound United States policy is crucial to achieving and maintaining just and stable relationships throughout the Middle East. www.cmep.org

Presidents Conference. Conference of Presidents of Major Jewish Organizations, 633 Third Ave, New York, NY, 10017. 212-318-6111. Mobilizes support for Israel, educates the public, and coordinates collective action of the American Jewish community. www.conferenceofpresidents.org

Council on American-Islamic Relations, 453 New Jersey Ave. SE, Washington, DC 20003. 202-488-8787. Advocates an end to Israeli occupation of Palestinian areas and encourages President Bush to meet with American Muslim leaders. It also focuses on defending civil liberties and religious rights of all faiths, particularly Muslims since 9/11. www.cairnet.org

Electronic Intifada, 1507 E. 53rd St., #500, Chicago, IL 60615. Committed to comprehensive public education on the question of Palestine, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and the economic, political, legal, and human dimensions of Israel’s occupation of Palestinian territories. https://electronicintifada.net/new.shtml

Hala Foundation. Hala Salaam Maksoud Foundation for ArabAmerican Leadership, 815 Connecticut Ave. NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20006. 202-438-7297. Dedicated to developing new Arab American leaders. It has a Leadership Training Program designed to create a cadre of highly trained, informed and focused young Arab American professionals equipped to take on the advocacy and organizational efforts required for community leadership. www.halafoundation.org

International Fellowship of Christians and Jews, 309 W. Washington St., Suite 800, Chicago, IL 60606-3200. 312-641-7200. Ecumenical group encourages understanding between Christians and Jews. www.ifcj.org

J Street. Americans for Middle East Peace and Security. Washington, DC. Founded to promote meaningful American leadership to end the Arab-Israeli and Palestinian-Israeli conflicts peacefully and diplomatically. www.jstreet.org

Muslim Public Affairs Council, 110 Maryland Ave. NE, Suite 210, Washington, DC 20002. 202-547-7701. Works for the civil rights of American Muslims, for the integration of Islam into American pluralism, and for a positive, constructive relationship between American Muslims and their representatives. www.mpac.org

National Conference of Catholic Bishops, 3211 Fourth St. NE, Washington, DC 20017-1194. 202-541-3000. Condemns both Palestinian terrorist actions and Israel’s military response. Calls for an immediate ceasefire and international monitors to enforce it. www.nccbuscc.org

National Council of the Churches of Christ in the USA, 475 Riverside Drive, Room 850, New York, NY 10115. 212-870-2227. Attempts to promote peace in the Middle East through outreach to Christians, Jews, and Muslims in the region. Supports Palestinian state and wants people of all faiths to share Jerusalem. https://ncccusa.org

Zionist Organization of America, 4 E. 34th St. New York, NY 10016. 212-481-1500. Founded in 1897 to create a Jewish nation in Israel. 50,000 members. Staunchly pro-Israel. www.zoa.org

Source: Khalil M. Marrar, 2008. List not exhaustive. Derived from organizational websites (verbatim language in some cases) and Sumana Chatterjee and Tish Wells, “Groups Involved in the Middle East,” from Knight Ridder/Tribune News Service, April 14, 2002.