Because functional deficits in the brain’s dopaminergic and noradrenergic pathways underlie the behavioral presentation of the symptoms of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), medications that increase the action of dopamine and norepinephrine have been found to be effective in addressing these symptoms. As reviewed in the previous two chapters, a wide variety of medications is available, including stimulants, antidepressants, and so on. Some clients, however, are opposed to medications, and despite clinicians’ best efforts to help them understand why medications may be helpful, they refuse to follow through on recommendations to see a prescriber. These clients often are more receptive to naturopathic alternatives, and clinicians should be aware of the benefits and drawbacks of these compounds.