The headlines blared, late in 2007, not only in international education circles but in the national media: the number of foreign students in the United States had finally risen above 2001 figures.1 (Note: foreign students are consistently called international, to reduce the strangeness implied in the word foreign, a revealing bit of political correctness in this global age.) International student levels had taken a massive hit through combinations of fears about security issues and about xenophobic American reactions after 9/11, and the very real visa hurdles imposed after the same tragedy. But now they seemed to be bouncing back. The 2007 achievement was real, but it raised at least three questions—which in turn underlie this chapter, and which, amid a number of very practical concerns, demand attention from academic administrators.