Born Naum Neemia Pevzner in Bryansk,

Russia, Gabo became a central figure of

international Constructivism in the 1920s

contributing significantly to the development

of creative thought and work in Russia,

Germany, England and the United States of

America. Gabo’s early training was scientific.

He enrolled at the University of Munich in

1910 as a medical student and subsequently

studied natural sciences and engineering in

Munich. During 1911-12 Gabo also attended

Wo¨llflin’s lectures in the history of art and

became increasingly interested in creative

work. His first constructions, figurative works

with a Cubist flavour to them, followed in

1915. Subsequently his art, progressing as a

process of meticulous investigation, led to

constructions that displayed all the precision

of an engineer in the distribution of modern

materials (metals, glass, plastics), yet the

function of the structures devised by Gabo

was aesthetic and not mechanical usefulness,

reflecting, embodying and exemplifying

instead the concepts of space and perception

outlined in Gabo’s essays and in his book Of

Divers Arts (1962) in particular.