This chapter examines the possible interrelationship between terrorism and transnational organized crime, and it questions the conceptual paradigms presently used in scholarly research of this area. Writings in the area of terrorism are, almost inevitably, based on the latest known variety of the crime. Post-9/11, the-vastly prevalent-terrorism concept is that of religion-based activities originating in the Middle East. This, however, neglects for example the endogenous terrorism of 1970s Europe, the Acah terrorism in Indonesia, and the various terrorist groupings concentrating on the Kashmir question.