The right to clear a song is obtained through a performing rights organization (PRO). A music clearance is required when selling, making copies of music, and performing music publicly. Music clearance is a process of determining what permissions are needed, discovering the owner of the music, contacting the owner or their representative publishing companies, negotiating an appropriate license and fee, and creating a written agreement for the clearance. A network is indemnified against infringement claims made against “cleared” works. Nondramatic performances of compositions are logged and reported by broadcasters.