ABSTRACT

Migration is a dynamic and worldwide contemporary process. With an estimated 191 million migrants worldwide in 2007 (176 million in 2000), migration has been a central issue on the agenda for governments and policymakers (www.iom.int, 2007). Migration is the defi ning issue of the twenty-fi rst century, and as such, “the question is no longer whether to have migration, but rather how to manage migration effectively so as to enhance its positive and reduce its negative impacts” (McKinley, 2007, p.1). In 1990, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (UN, 1990, res. 45/158). In response to increased immigration, in 2000, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed 18 December International Migrants Day (UN, res. 55/93). As such, United Nations Member States, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations are invited to observe International Migrants Day through the dissemination of information on human and migrant rights, and through the design of actions to ensure their protection.