The hostility between East and West, as it exists at the present day, is a cause of the gravest anxiety to all sane men. It involves the catastrophic possibility of an all-out nuclear war and, short of that, demands continually increasing expenditure upon continually more deadly and more expensive weapons of war to which no end can be seen except reducing both East and West to subsistence level. In view of these obvious facts, a great many people perceive the desirability of producing more friendly relations, especially between Russia and America. But efforts in this direction have hitherto proved fruitless, and their failure has, if anything, augmented the general danger. It seems, therefore, that, if peaceful co-existence is to be successfully promoted, some fresh diagnosis must be found and other methods must be sought.