The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact (August 23-24, 1939),1 and the Second World War that swiftly followed on its heels, were the forces that enabled the first wave of the Red Holocaust to surge beyond Soviet banks westward into eastern and central Europe, and eastward to Mongolia, North Korea, Sakhalin and much of the Kuril Islands. Communism spread by the sword, rather than the ballot, usurpation of power, proletarian coup d’état, insurrection or civil war. It is doubtful whether Stalin would have obtained domination over these populations, and successfully established new communist captive nations, had the Third Reich and Japan transformed themselves into agents of peace under League of Nations guidelines.